National Registration No.:- 5222

Sanskar Bharti Uttarakhand-Music-Indian Painting-Dance-Rangoli-Drama Theatre
Sanskar Bharti Uttarakhand-Music-Indian Painting-Dance-Rangoli-Drama Theatre
Sanskar Bharti Uttarakhand-Music-Indian Painting-Dance-Rangoli-Drama Theatre
Sanskar Bharti Uttarakhand-Music-Indian Painting-Dance-Rangoli-Drama Theatre
Sanskar Bharti Uttarakhand-Music-Indian Painting-Dance-Rangoli-Drama Theatre
Sanskar Bharti Uttarakhand-Music-Indian Painting-Dance-Rangoli-Drama Theatre

Music

Love, humour, pathos, anger, heroism, terror, disgust, wonder and serenity are the nava rasas or nine basic emotions which are fundamental to all Indian aesthetic. Sage Bharata, the earlist Indian musicologiest said to have in the 1st or 2nd century AD, enunciated these moods and believed that it was the musician's task to evoke a particular emotion or mood. The classical music tradition in India is based on the principles enunciated by sage Bharata and continues to be a form of meditiation, concentration and worship.

Music is an integral part of India's culture. Natyasastra, a 2000 year old Sanskrit text, describes five systems of taxonomy to classify musical instruments. One of these ancient Indian systems classifies musical instruments into four groups according to four primary sources of vibrations: string, membranes, cymbals and air. According to Reis Flora, this is similar to the Western theory of organology. Archeologists have also reported the discovery of a 3000 year old, 20 key, carefully shaped polished basalt lithophone in the highlands of Odisha.

The oldest preserved examples of Indian music are the melodies of the Samaveda (1000 BC) that are still sung in certain Vedic Srauta sacrifies, this is the earliest account of Indian musical hymns. Ir proposed a tonal structure consisting of seven notes, which were named, in descending order, as Krusht, Pratham, Dwitiya, Tritiya, Chaturth, Mandra and Atiswar. These refer to the notes of a flute, which was the only fixed frequency instrument. The Samaveda, and other Hindu texts, heavily influenced India's classical music tradition, which is known today in two distinct styles: Carnatic and Hindustani music. Both the Carnatic music and Hindustani music systems are based on the melodic base (known as Raga), sung to a rhythimic cycle (known as Tala); these principles were refined in the natyasastra (200 BC) and the dattilam (300 AD)

The current music of India includes multiple varieties of religious, classical, folk, popular and pop music.

Prominent contemporary Indian musical forms included filmi and Indipop. Filmi refers to the wide range of music written and performed for mainstream Indian cinema, primarily Bollywood, and accounts for more than 70 percent of all music sales in the country. Indipop is one of the most popular contemporary styles of Indian music which is either a fusion of Indian folk, classical or Sufi music with Western musical traditions.

Indian Painting

The tradition of painting has been carried on in the Indian subcontinent since the acient times. Standing as a testimony to this fact are the exquisite murals of Ajanta and Ellora. Buddhist palm leaf manuscripts, Mughal and Kangra schools of miniature Indian paintings, etc. Infact, records have been found that indicate the usage of paintings for decorating the doorways, guest rooms, etc. Some traditional Indian Paintings like those of Ajantam Bagh and Sittanvasal, depict a love for nature and its forces.

With time, Indian classical paintings evolved to become a sort of blend of the various traditions influencing them. Even the folk painting of India has become quite popular amongst art lover, both at the national as well as the international level. Most of the folk paintings reflect a heavy influence of the local customs and traditions.

Cave paintings from Ajanta, Bagh, Ellora and Sittanavasal and temple paintings testify to a love of naturalism. Most early and medieval art in India is Hindu, Bhuddhist or Jain. A freshly made coloured flour design (Rangoli) is still a common sight outside the doorstep of many (mostly South Indian) Indian Homes. Raja Ravi Varma is one of the classical painters from medieval India.

Pattachitra, Madhubani painting, Mysore painting, Rajput Painting, Tanjore Painting, Mughal Painting are some notable Genres of Indian Art, while Nandalal Bose, S.H.Raza, Geeta Vadhera, Jamini Roy and B. Venkatappa are some modern painter. Among the present day artists, Atul Dodiya, Bose Krishnamacnahri, Devajyoti Ray and Shibu Natesan represent a new era of Indian art where global art shows direct amalgamation with Indian classical styles. These recent artists have acquired international recognition. Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai, Mysore Palace has on display a few good Indian Paintings.

Dance

Let drama and dance (Natya) be
the fifth vedic scripture. Combined with an
epic story, tending to virtue, wealth, joy
and spiritual freedom, it must contain the
signigicance of every scripture, and forward every art.
--- First chapter of Natyasastra,
sometime between 200 BC - 200 AD

India has had a long romance with the art of dance. Natyasastra (Science of Dance) and Abhinaya Darpana (Mirror of Gesture) are two surviving Sanskrit documents, both estimated to be between 1700 to 2200 year old.

The Indian art of dance as taught in these ancient books, according to Ragini Devi, is the expression of inner beauty and the divine in man. It is a deliberate art, nothing is left to chance, each gesture seeks to communicate the ideas, each facial expression the emotions.

Indian dance includes eight classical dance forms, many in narrative forms with mythological elements. The eight classical forms accorded classical dance status by India's National Academy of Music, Dance, and Drama are:
Bharatanatyam of the state of Tamil Nadu, Kathak of Uttar Pradesh, Kathakali and mohiniattam of Kerala, Kuchipudi of Andhra Pradesh, yakshagana of Karnataka, manipuri of Manipur, Odissi (orissi) of the state of Odisha and the sattriya of Assam.

In addition to the formal arts of dance, Indian regions have a strong free form, folksy dance tradition. Some of the folk dances include the bhangra of Punjab, the bihu of aasam, the zeliang of Nagaland, the chhau of Jharkhand and Bengal, the Ghumura Dance, Gotipua, Mahari dance and Dalkhai of Odisha, the qauwwalis, birhas and charkulas of Uttar Pradesh, the jat-jatin, nat-natin and saturi of Bihar, the ghoomar of Rajasthan, the dandiya and garba of Gujarat, the kolattam of Andhra Pradesh, the yakshagana of Karnataka, lavani of Maharashtra, Dekhnni of Goa.

Rangoli

Rangoli also known as Kolam or Muggu, is a folk art from India in which patterns are created on the floor in living rooms or courtyards using materials such as colored rice, dry flour, colored sand or flower petals. It is usually made during Diwali (Deepawali), Onam, Pongal and other Indian festivals. They are meant to be sacred welcoming areas for the Hindu deities generation to the next, keeping both the art form and the tradition alive. Similar practices are followed in different states of India: Kolam in Tamil Nadu, Mandana in Rajasthan, Chaookpurna in Chhattisgarh, Alpana in West Bengal, Aripana in Bihar, Chowk pujan in Uttar Pradhesh, Muggu in Andhra Pradhesh, Golam Kolam or Kalam in Kerala and others.

The purpose of rangoli is decoration, and it is thought to bring good luck. Design depictions may also vary as they reflect traditions, folklore and practices that are unique to each area. It is traditionally done by women. Generally, this practice is showcased during occasions such as festivals, auspicious observances, marriage celebrations and other similar milestones and gatherings.

Rangoli art is an adornment or decoration that has different names in different states of India for example, Chaookpurna in Chhattisgarh, Mandana in Rajasthan, Aripan in Bihar, Alpana in Bengal and Maharashtra, Ranagavalli in Karnataka, Kolam in Tamil Nadu, Muggulu in Andhra Pradhesh, Alikhthap in Kumaon, Kalam in Kerala, and Saathiya in Gujarat. Not just in names, the designs also vary as per the region. In Maharashtra, rangolis are drawn on the doors of homes so that evil forces attempting to enter are repelled. During the festival of Onam in Kerala, flowers are laid down for each of the ten days of the celebration, the design growing larger and more complex every day. In Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradhesh and Karnataka, The Kolam is drawn upon the ground or floor daily. The designs are geometric and symmetrical shapes but the materials used are similar rangoli: rice flour or slurry is used. In Rajasthan the Mandana are painted on walls. Mmandne, various festivals, major festivals and can be categorized based on seasons. Different shapes depending on the size of it also can be shared. Kumaon's "writing beat" or in a variety of plotting symbols Thapa, artistic designs, Bellbutoan is used. Alikhthap of society apart - separated by different groups - different icons and art media is used.

Drama & Theatre

Indian drama and theatre has a long history alongside its music and dance. Kalidasa's plays like Shakuntala and Meghadoota are some of the older dramas, following those of Bhasa. One of the oldest surviving theatre traditions of the world is the 2,000 year old Kutiyattam of Kerala. It strictly follows the Natya Shastra. Natyacharya Mani Madhava Chakyar is credited for reviving the age old drama tradition from extinction. He was known for mastery of Rasa Abhinaya. He started to perform the Kalidasa plays like Abhijnanasakuntala, Vikramorvasiya and Malavikagnimitra; Bhasa's Swapnavasavadatta and Pancharatra; Harsha's Nagananda.

Literature

The earliest works of Indian Literature was orally transmitted. Vedic Sahitya includes four vedas and other Hindu texts. The great epics- Ramayana by Valmiki and Mahabharat by Vedvyas are regarded the best preaching and inspiring stories still alive in the hearts of common man.

Bhagwad Gita - a part of Mahabharat, is the most relevant and acceptable source of Gyan for whole mankind.

A number of Indian languages has contributed to Indian Literature. Hindi Literature started in medieval period in dialects like Avadhi and Brij. There have been a galaxy of Hindi authers - Kabir, Tulshidas, Surdas, Meera, Raheem, Bhartendu Harish Chandra, Prem Chand, Mahadevi Varma, Sumitra Nandan Pant, Ramdhari Dinkar etc. They devoted their whole life to serve humanity.

No doubt, Literature guides the society like a light house. This art of collecting words, when confined with a meaning turns into the forms of poetry, fiction, prose and drama that becomes immortal. Literature carries a set of values with itself that enlightens the whole world with truth, compassion and love.